Maghrib salah time in shiaism


Previously we discussed fasting time & maghrib time accorrding to shia sahih hadiths now lets move to more hadiths on maghrib salah time which are very clear in all respect.

In Shiaism, the maghrib salaah begins when the sun sets, and the disappearance of the redness from the eastern horizon. (as we discussed before in above link).

Now lets see what other Shia sahih hadith says:

Here is Al-Toosi talking about the timing of Salaah Al-Maghrib:

و أوّل وقت صلاة المغرب عند غيبوبة الشّمس. و علامته سقوط القرص. و علامة سقوطه عدم الحمرة من جانب المشرق. و آخر وقته سقوط الشّفق، و هو الحمرة من ناحية المغرب

“The first time of Salaah Al-Maghrib is at the disappearance of the sun, and the sign is the falling of the disk (sun’s disk) (i.e sunset). The sign of the sunset is the absence of the redness (in the sky) from the east side. The final time (of maghrib) is the disappearance of the shafaq (evening twilight), and it is the (disappearance of) redness in terms of the west side.

Source: Al-Toosi, Al-Nihaayah fee Majarrad Al-Fiqh wa Al-Fataawa, pg. 59

Now, unfortunately a lot of Shias delay their Maghrib Salaah until the appearance of stars in the sky, sometimes you see this happening in Shia Masjid as well!!

Now see what shia imam said about these people (i.e shia’s) who delay there maghrib salah to dark:

1.

وَ عَنْهُ عَنِ الْعَبَّاسِ بْنِ مَعْرُوفٍ عَنْ عَبْدِ اللَّهِ بْنِ الْمُغِيرَةِ عَنْ ذَرِيحٍ قَالَ قُلْتُ لِأَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع إِنَّ أُنَاساً مِنْ أَصْحَابِ أَبِي الْخَطَّابِ يُمَسُّونَ بِالْمَغْرِبِ حَتَّى تَشْتَبِكَ النُّجُومُ قَالَ أَبْرَأُ إِلَى اللَّهِ مِمَّنْ فَعَلَ ذَلِكَ مُتَعَمِّداً

“I said to Abee `Abd Allaah (عليه السلام) that people from companions of Abee Al-Khattaab (do) maghrib in the dark until the appearance of stars. He (عليه السلام) said: Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) does bara’a (disassociates from him) from one who does this intentionally.

Source: Al-Toosi, Tahdheeb Al-ahkaam, vol. 2, pg. 33, hadeeth # 53 & Al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is Sahih in à Milaadh Al-Akhyaar, vol. 3, pg. 407

2.

وَ قَالَ قُلْتُ لَهُ إِنَّ أُنَاساً مِنْ أَصْحَابِ أَبِي الْخَطَّابِ يُمَسُّونَ بِالْمَغْرِبِ حَتَّى تَشْتَبِكَ النُّجُومُ قَالَ فَقَالَ أَبْرَأُ إِلَى اللَّهِ مِمَّنْ يَفْعَلُ هَذَا مُتَعَمِّداً

“I said to Abee `Abd Allaah (عليه السلام) that people from companions of Abee Al-Khattaab (do) maghrib in the dark until the appearance of stars. He (عليه السلام) said: Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) does bara’a (disassociates from him) from one who does this intentionally.

Source: Al-Toosi, Tahdheeb Al-aHkaam, vol. 2, pg. 253 – 254, hadeeth # 41 & Al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is Muwaththaq (reliable) in à Milaadh Al-Akhyaar, vol. 4, pg. 309

3.

و بهذا الإسناد عن إبراهيم عن أبي أسامة قال قال رجل لأبي عبد الله (ع) أؤخر المغرب حتى تستبين النجوم؟ قال فقال خطابية إن جبريل أنزلها على رسول الله (ص) حين سقط القرص.

“A man (asked) Abaa `Abd Allaah about delaying maghrib (salaah) until the appearance of stars? He said, So he said: Khataabiyyah, Verily Jibra’eel revealed onto the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) the period (of maghrib is) the dropping of the disk (sun’s disk) (i.e sunset).

Source: Al-Toosi, Tahdheeb al-ahkaam, vol. 2, ch. 13, pg. 258, hadeeth # 64 & Al-Majlisi said this hadeeth is Muwaththaq (Reliable) in à Milaadh Al-Akhyaar, vol. 4, pg. 319

Other Sources to this hadeeth: 1. Al-Kashee, Ikhtiyaar Ma`aarifah Al-Rijaal, pg. 290, hadeeth # 5102.

4. Al-Toosi, Tahdheeb al-ahkaam, vol. 2, ch. 3, pg. 28, hadeeth # 313.

5. Al-Toosi, Tahdheeb al-ahkaam, vol. 2, ch. 3, pg. 32, hadeeth # 49

Shia also have other narrations that allude to the extreme hatred of delaying prayers until the stars appear in the sky.

6.

وَ قَالَ الصَّادِقُ ع مَلْعُونٌ مَلْعُونٌ مَنْ أَخَّرَ الْمَغْرِبَ طَلَباً لِفَضْلِهَا وَ قِيلَ لَهُ إِنَّ أَهْلَ الْعِرَاقِ يُؤَخِّرُونَ الْمَغْرِبَ حَتَّى تَشْتَبِكُ النُّجُومُ فَقَالَ هَذَا مِنْ عَمَلِ عَدُوِّ اللَّهِ أَبِي الْخَطَّابِ

“And Al-Saadiq (عليه السلام) said: Accursed Accursed (mal`oon mal`oon) is whoever delays maghrib (salaah) from the claim of its fadeelah (time). And He said to him, the people of iraq delay maghrib (salaah) until the appearance of stars. So he (عليه السلام) said: This is from the actions of the enemy of Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) Abee Al-Khattaab

Source: Al-Sadooq, Man Laa Yahduruh Al-Faqeeh, vol. 1, pg. 220, hadeeth # 661

No doubt sunni’s follow sunnah of S.A.W. (pbuh) i.e. why they pray maghrib salah in correct time.

Lets see Sunni books that talks about the extreme dislike of delaying the maghrib salaah until the appearance of stars in the sky:

1.

لا تزال أمتي على الفطرة ما لم يؤخروا المغرب حتى تشتبك النجوم

The Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم): “My ummah will continue to adhere to the fitrah so long as they do not delay Maghrib prayer until the stars appear.”

Source: Ibn Maajah, Sunan, hadeeth # 689 & Al-Albaani said this hadeeth is Sahih in à Sahih wa Da`eef Sunan Ibn Maajah, vol. 2, pg. 261, hadeeth # 689

2.

لا تزال أمتي بخير أو قال على الفطرة ما لم يؤخروا المغرب إلى أن تشتبك النجوم

The Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said: “My community will remain well, or he said: will remain on its natural condition, so long as it would not delay the evening prayer until the stars appear.”

Source: Ibn Dawood, Sunan, hadeeth # 418 & Al-Albaani said this hadeeth is Hasan Sahih in à Sahih wa Da`eef Sunan Ibn Abee Dawood, vol. 1, pg. 79, hadeeth # 418.

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