بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم
Quranic comparison between mother of believers and ‘infallable’ Imams
The Sunni muslims believe that Alelbait refers to the wives and children of a person but the shia’s have a different view. While according to the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him), the arabic language, intellect and logic, the mother of believers (may Allah be pleased with them) are from the Ahlelbait of the Prophet (saw).
For this article, I will use only the book of Allah (swt), the Quran. Inshallah!
Allah (swt) has expressed the honor of the mother of believers (ra) in the Quran and revealed many verses about them but there is no mention of the ‘Infallable’ Imams not even a single clear verse.
Allah (swt) praises the mother of believers (ra) by stating that they are not like other women:
يَا نِسَاءَ النَّبِيِّ لَسْتُنَّ كَأَحَدٍ مِّنَ النِّسَاءِ ۚ إِنِ اتَّقَيْتُنَّ فَلَا تَخْضَعْنَ بِالْقَوْلِ فَيَطْمَعَ الَّذِي فِي قَلْبِهِ مَرَضٌ وَقُلْنَ قَوْلًا مَّعْرُوفًا
O wives of the Prophet, you are not like anyone among women. If you fear Allah , then do not be soft in speech [to men], lest he in whose heart is disease should covet, but speak with appropriate speech. [Quran 33:32]
Allah (swt) futher makes the mother of believers (ra) different from other women by the following verse.
يَا نِسَاءَ النَّبِيِّ مَن يَأْتِ مِنكُنَّ بِفَاحِشَةٍ مُّبَيِّنَةٍ يُضَاعَفْ لَهَا الْعَذَابُ ضِعْفَيْنِ ۚ وَكَانَ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرًا
O wives of the Prophet, whoever of you should commit a clear immorality – for her the punishment would be doubled two fold, and ever is that, for Allah, easy. [Quran 33:30]
The verse shows that the mother believers have high status and they are special people and they would get double punishment if they commit open immorality because they are an example for the other believing women to follow.
While in the Quran, there is no such thing for the ‘infallable’ Imams. You will not find a verse where Allah (swt) says that you “‘infallable’ Imams are not like other people etc”. The readers should think about these points.
Moreover, in the next verse Allah (swt) tells the mother of believers (ra) if they do good deeds, he would give them double reward. This means, If Syeda Aisha (ra) does a good deed, she would get double reward.
وَمَن يَقْنُتْ مِنكُنَّ لِلَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِ وَتَعْمَلْ صَالِحًا نُّؤْتِهَا أَجْرَهَا مَرَّتَيْنِ وَأَعْتَدْنَا لَهَا رِزْقًا كَرِيمًا
And whoever of you devoutly obeys Allah and His Messenger and does righteousness – We will give her her reward twice; and We have prepared for her a noble provision. [Quran 33:31]
The ‘infallable’ Imams who are considered infallable, knower of the unseen etc by the shia, no where such verses are revealed about them, no attention is given them. Why? Are they really divinely appointed leaders? Would the world really perish without an ‘infallable’?
In the following verse, Allah (swt) orders the mother of believers (ra) to remember what is recited of the verses of Allah in their houses.
وَاذْكُرْنَ مَا يُتْلَىٰ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ مِنْ آيَاتِ اللَّهِ وَالْحِكْمَةِ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ كَانَ لَطِيفًا خَبِيرًا
And remember what is recited in your houses of the verses of Allah and wisdom. Indeed, Allah is ever Subtle and Acquainted [with all things]. [Quran 33:34]
While no such order is given to the ‘infallable’ Imams.
Allah (swt) further advises the mother of believers (ra).
وَقَرْنَ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلَا تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ الْأُولَىٰ ۖ وَأَقِمْنَ الصَّلَاةَ وَآتِينَ الزَّكَاةَ وَأَطِعْنَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ۚ إِنَّمَا يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ لِيُذْهِبَ عَنكُمُ الرِّجْسَ أَهْلَ الْبَيْتِ وَيُطَهِّرَكُمْ تَطْهِيرًا
And abide in your houses and do not display yourselves as [was] the display of the former times of ignorance. And establish prayer and give zakah and obey Allah and His Messenger. Allah intends only to remove from you the impurity [of sin], O people of the [Prophet’s] household, and to purify you with [extensive] purification. [Quran 33:33]
Allah (swt) honours the mother of believers with the special title.
النَّبِيُّ أَوْلَىٰ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ مِنْ أَنفُسِهِمْ ۖ وَأَزْوَاجُهُ أُمَّهَاتُهُمْ ۗ
The Prophet is more worthy of the believers than themselves, and his wives are [in the position of] their mothers. [Quran 33:6]
Whereas no special title is given to the ‘infallable’ Imams.
The following verse shows the continuity of love and relationship between the Prophet of Allah (saw) and his wives after his death.
وَمَا كَانَ لَكُمْ أَن تُؤْذُوا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ وَلَا أَن تَنكِحُوا أَزْوَاجَهُ مِن بَعْدِهِ أَبَدًا ۚ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكُمْ كَانَ عِندَ اللَّهِ عَظِيمًا
…And it is not [conceivable or lawful] for you to harm the Messenger of Allah or to marry his wives after him, ever. Indeed, that would be in the sight of Allah an enormity. [Quran 33:53]
The glad tidings of paradise for the mother of believers.
وَإِن كُنتُنَّ تُرِدْنَ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَالدَّارَ الْآخِرَةَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ أَعَدَّ لِلْمُحْسِنَاتِ مِنكُنَّ أَجْرًا عَظِيمًا
But if ye desire Allah and His messenger and the abode of the Hereafter, then lo! Allah hath prepared for the good among you an immense reward.[Quran 33:29]
Original article in farsi by brother Hasani Hashmi
Translated and posted by 13S2010