Jafar Sadiq narrates marriage of Umm Kulthum bint Ali with Omar bin Khatab


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Marriage of Sayyida Umm Kulthoom bint Ali (daughter of Ali and Fatima) with Ameer al-Mumineen ‘Umar as reported by Ja’far al-Sadiq:

حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدٌ قَالَ: نا عَبْدُ الْعَزِيزِ بْنُ مُحَمَّدٍ، عَنْ جَعْفَرِ بْنِ مُحَمَّدٍ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، أَنَّ عُمَرَ خَطَبَ إِلَى عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ ابْنَتَهُ أُمَّ كُلْثُومٍ، فَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ: إِنَّمَا حَبَسْتُ بَنَاتِي عَلَى بَنِي جَعْفَرٍ. فَقَالَ: أَنْكِحْنِيهَا، فَوَاللَّهِ مَا عَلَى الْأَرْضِ رَجُلٌ أَرْصَدَ مِنْ حُسْنِ عِشْرَتِهَا مَا أَرْصَدْتُ. فَقَالَ عَلِيٌّ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ: قَدْ أَنْكَحْتُكَهَا. فَجَاءَ عُمَرُ إِلَى مَجْلِسِ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ بَيْنَ الْقَبْرِ وَالْمِنْبَرِ، وَكَانَ الْمُهَاجِرُونَ يَجْلِسُونَ ثَمَّ، وَعَلِيٌّ، وَعَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ عَوْفٍ، وَالزُّبَيْرُ، وَعُثْمَانُ، وَطَلْحَةُ، وَسَعْدٌ، فَإِذَا كَانَ الْعَشِيُّ يَأْتِي عُمَرَ الْأَمْرُ مِنَ الْآفَاقِ وَيَقْضِي فِيهِ، جَاءَهُمْ وَأَخْبَرَهُمْ ذَلِكَ، وَاسْتَشَارَهُمْ كُلَّهُمْ، فَقَالَ: رَفِّئُونِي. قَالُوا: بِمَ يَا أَمِيرَ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ؟ قَالَ: بِابْنَةِ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُ. ثُمَّ أَنْشَأَ يُحَدِّثُهُمْ أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ قَالَ: «كُلُّ نَسَبٍ وَسَبَبٍ مُنْقَطِعٌ يَوْمَ الْقِيَامَةِ، إِلَّا نَسَبِي وَسَبِبِي»

Ja’far al-Sadiq from from his father Muhammad al-Baqir that Umar (ra) sent marriage proposal to ‘Ali (ra) for his daughter Umm Kulthoom, so ‘Ali said, “I have left my daughters for the sons of Ja’far (ra).” ‘Umar said “Marry her to me O ‘Ali for there is no one on the face of the earth who is more committed than me for her companionship.” So ‘Ali said, “Now I married her to you.” So ‘Umar came to the assembly of Muhajiroon between the Qabr and Minbar (of the Prophet sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam), where ‘Ali, ‘Uthman, Zubair, Talha and ‘Abdur Rahman b. Awf would sit and ‘Umar would take consultation from them about different matters, and said, “Congratulate me and congratulate him.” They said, “For what O Ameer al-Mu’mineen?” He replied, “For the daughter of ‘Ali b. Abi Talib.” Then he started to inform them and said, “The Messenger of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) said, “Every lineage and means would disconnect on the day of judgement except my lineage and my means.”

[Sunan (520) by Saeed b. Mansoor, Fazail as-Sahaba (1068) by Imam Ahmad, Tabaqat (8/348) by Ibn Sa’d, Al-Mustadrak (4684) by Imam Hakim, al-Mu’jam al-Kabeer (3/41) and al-Awsat (5606), Al-Bayhaqi in Sunan (13393), Al-Shariah (1713), al-‘Ilal (2/190) by Imam al-Daarqutni etc]

From Ja’far Al-Sadiq this has been heard by several scholars from his companions including:

1. Anas b. ‘Ayaz al-Laithi

2. Sufyan b. ‘Uyaina

3. Wuhaib b. Khalid

4. Abdul ‘Aziz b. Muhammad

5. Muhammad b. Ishaq

So Imam Jafar has reported it several times that’s why many different people heard from him.

 

By Mohammad Moin.

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