Shia alteration of a Shia narration about Fatima (ra)

By Farid
Posted by 13S2010

Alsalam alaykum,

This argument was initially made around a year ago, but I don’t think that many people here are aware of it, so I decided to share it with you all.

The following hadith is from Al-Kafi:

بَابُ صَوْمِ الْحَائِضِ وَالْمُسْتَحَاضَةِ
أَبُو عَلِيٍّ الْأَشْعَرِيُّ عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ عَبْدِ الْجَبَّارِ عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ مَهْزِيَارَ قَالَ كَتَبْتُ إِلَيْهِ ( عليه السلام ) امْرَأَةٌ طَهُرَتْ مِنْ حَيْضِهَا أَوْمِنْ دَمِ نِفَاسِهَا فِي أَوَّلِ يَوْمٍ مِنْ شَهْرِ رَمَضَانَ ثُمَّ اسْتَحَاضَتْ فَصَلَّتْ وَصَامَتْ شَهْرَ رَمَضَانَ كُلَّهُ مِنْ غَيْرِ أَنْتَعْمَلَ مَا تَعْمَلُ الْمُسْتَحَاضَةُ مِنَ الْغُسْلِ لِكُلِّ صَلَاتَيْنِ فَهَلْ يَجُوزُ صَوْمُهَا وَ صَلَاتُهَا أَمْ لَا فَكَتَبَ ( عليه السلام ) تَقْضِي صَوْمَهَا وَ لَا تَقْضِي صَلَاتَهَا إِنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ (صلى الله عليه وآله ) كَانَ يَأْمُرُ فَاطِمَةَ صَلَوَاتُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهَا وَ الْمُؤْمِنَاتِ مِنْ نِسَائِهِ بِذَلِكَ ـ

Translation by brother Hani: Abu ‘Ali al-Asha’ari from Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Jabbar from ‘Ali ibn Mehzayar: I wrote to him(Imam) may peace be upon him: A woman was purified from her Haydh(bleeding in Menstruation) on the first day of the month of Ramadhan then she had Istihadah(False Menstruation) and she fasted and prayed during the entire month of Ramadhan without doing Ghusl(purifying her body) before every prayer so are her prayers and her fasting accepted? He peace be upon him wrote back: She must repeat her Siyam(Fasting) but not her Salat(prayer), the Prophet SAWS used to order Fatima peace be upon her and the believing women to do this.

I say: Most Shias here are aware that the common Shia view is that Fatima (as) does not menstruate. The chain is authentic according to Shia standards so this misconception should be rejected. Al-Tusi in Tahtheeb Al-Ahkaam records this narration as well.

Now, pay attention to this bit:

أبى رحمه الله قال حدثنا سعد بن عبدالله قال حدثنا احمد بن ادريس عن محمد بن احمد عن محمد بن عبدالجبار عن علي بن مهزيار قال: كنت اليه امرأة طهرت من حيضها او من دم نفاسها في اول يوم من شهر رمضان ثم استحاضت فصلت وصامت شهر رمضان كله من غيرأن تعمل كما تعمله المستحاضة من الغسل لكل صلاتين هل يجوز صومها وصلاتها ام لا؟ فكتب تقضي صومها ولا تقضى صلاتها لان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله كان يأمر المؤمنات من نسائه بذلك.

This is the exact same hadith, but from Ilal Al-Shara’i’i by Al-Saduq instead. The only difference is that at the end of the hadith, we find that the name of Fatima was removed. Al-Saduq, in his other book Man la yahtharhu al-faqeeh ended up with the same narration.

In conclusion, we are left with three possibilities:

1) Al-Saduq tampered with the hadith
2) Al-Saduq’s father tampered with the hadith
3) Sa’ad bin Abdullah, one of the greatest Shia narrators of his time, tampered with the hadith

I ask the Shias of this board to do the honourable thing and AVOID derailing the thread. If you have other arguments that are non-related, then please create another thread for them. Thank you.

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Filed under Articles, Hadith science, Revealing Shia sect, Shiite's sahih hadith

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