Mutah and status of women


Some points regarding Mutah marriage or temporary marriage… of course it’s not marriage at all and the Prophet PBUH prohibited it.

More info in arabic can be read: here & here

Point #1: The woman that married in mutah is nothing but a rented body.

From “Wasail ush-shia”:

[ 26407 ] 2 ـ وعنه ، عن أحمد بن إسحاق ، عن سعدان بن مسلم ، عن عبيد بن زرارة ، عن أبيه ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) قال : ذكرت له المتعة ، أهي من الاربع ؟ فقال : تزوج منهن ألفا فانهن مستأجرات .

2 – And from him from Ahmad b. Ishaq from Sa`dan b. Muslim from `Ubayd b. Zurara from his father from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام. He said: I mentioned mut`a (Woman) to him, is she from the four (Wives)? So he said: Marry a thousand of them, for they are rented women.

[ 26409 ] 4 ـ وعنه ، عن أحمد ، عن الحسين بن سعيد ومحمد بن خالد ، عن القاسم بن عروة ، عن عبد الحميد ، عن محمد بن مسلم ، عن أبي جعفر ( عليه السلام ) ، في المتعة : ليست من الاربع لانها لا تطلق ولا ترث وإنما هي مستأجرة .

4 – And from him from Ahmad from al-Husayn b. Sa`id and Muhammad b. Khalid from al-Qasim b. `Urwa from `Abd al-Hamid from Muhammad b. Muslim from Abu Ja`far عليه السلام regarding mut`a: She is not from the four (Wives) since she is not divorced nor does she inherit. And she is only a rented woman.

[ 26419 ] 14 ـ العياشي في ( تفسيره ) : عن عبد السلام ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) قال : قلت له : ما تقول في المتعة ؟ قال : قول الله : ( فما استمتعتم به منهن فآتوهن أجورهن فريضة ) إلى أجل مسمى ( ولا جناح عليكم فيما تراضيتم به من بعد الفريضة ) قال : قلت : جعلت فداك ، أهي من الاربع ؟ قال : ليست من الاربع إنما هي إجارة ، الحديث .

14 – al-`Ayyashi in his Tafsir from `Abd as-Salam from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام. He said: I said to him: What do you say regarding mut`a? He said: The saying of Allah “So those of them with whom you have done mut`a” to a named duration “then give them their wages as a duty.” He said: I said: May I be made sacrifice for you, is she from the four? He said: She is not from the four, it is only a renting – (al-hadith)

[ 26530 ] 1 ـ محمد بن يعقوب ، عن علي بن إبراهيم ، عن أبيه ، عن ابن أبي عمير ، عن بعض أصحابنا ، عن زرارة ، عن أبي جعفر ( عليه السلام ) قال : قلت له : الرجل يتزوج المتعة وينقضي شرطها ثم يتزوجها رجل آخر حتى بانت منه ثم يتزوجها الاول حتى بانت منه ثلاثا وتزوجت ثلاثة أزواج ، يحل للاول أن يتزوجها ؟ قال : نعم ، كم شاء ليس هذه مثل الحرة ، هذه مستأجرة وهيبمنزلة الاماء .
ورواه الشيخ بإسناده عن محمد بن يعقوب ، نحوه .

1 – Muhammad b. Ya`qub from `Ali b. Ibrahim from his father from Ibn Abi `Umayr from one of our companions from Zurara from Abu Ja`farعليه السلام. He said: I said to him: The man who marries in mut`a and her (or, its) stipulation (i.e. duration) expires then another man marries her until she separates from him then the first one marries her until she separates from him, thrice, and she married three husbands. It is allowed for the first one to marry her? He said: Yes, as much as he wants, this is not like the freewoman, this is a rented (or, hired) woman and she is of the status of the slave-girl.

And the Shaykh narrated it by his isnad from Muhammad b. Ya`qub likewise.

Point #2: Women which married in such marriage are equal to slave-women.

From “Wasail ush-shia” by Hurr al-Amili.

[ 26411 ] 6 ـ وعن علي بن إبراهيم ، عن أبيه ، عن ابن أبي عمير ، عن عمر بن اُذينة ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) ، قال : قلت له : كم يحل من المتعة ؟ قال : فقال : هن بمنزلة الاماء .

6 – And from `Ali b. Ibrahim from his father from Ibn Abi `Umayr from `Umar b. Udhayna from Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام. He said: I said to him: How many are allowed in mut`a? So he said: They are of the status of slave women.

[ 26413 ] 8 ـ وعن عليّ ، عن أبيه ، عن ابن أبي عمير ، عن عمر بن اُذينة ، عن إسماعيل بن الفضل الهاشميّ قال : سألت أبا عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) عن المتعة ؟ فقال : إلق عبد الملك بن جريج فسله عنها فإن عنده منها علما ، فلقيته فأملى علي شيئا كثيرا في استحلالها ، وكان فيما روى لي فيها ابن جريج ، أنه ليس فيها وقت ولا عدد إنما هي بمنزلة الاماء يتزوج منهن كم شاء ، وصاحبالاربع نسوة يتزوج منهن ما شاء بغير ولي ولا شهود ، فاذا انقضي الاجل بانت منه بغير طلاق ، ويعطيها الشيء اليسير ، وعدتها حيضتان ، وإن كانت لا تحيض فخمسة وأربعون يوما ، قال :فأتيت بالكتاب أبا عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) فقال : صدق وأقر به ، قال ابن اذينة : وكان زرارة يقول هذا ويحلف أنه الحق إلا أنه كان يقول : ان كانت تحيض فحيضة ، وإن كانت لا تحيض فشهرونصف .

8 – And from `Ali from his father from Ibn Abi `Umayr from `Umar b. Udhayna from Isma`il b. al-Fadl al-Hashimi. He said: I asked Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام about mut`a. So he said: Go meet `Abd al-Malik b. Jurayj and ask him about it, for verily he has knowledge about it. So I met him and he dictated many things to me in regards to its being deemed lawful, and in what Ibn Jurayj narrated to me regarding it was that there is no time and number in it, she is only with the status of the slave women, one marries from them however many one wants. And the one who has four wives marries from them what he wants without a guardian or witnesses. So when the term is expired, she is separated (?) from him without divorce. And he gives her the simple thing. And her `idda is two menstruations. And that if she does not menstruate, then it is forty-five days. He said: So I brought the writing to Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام [and I presented it to him – in al-Kafi] and he said: He has spoken the truth and confirmed it. Ibn Udhayna said: And Zurara would say this and swear that it was the truth, except that he would say: If she menstruates, then a (single) menstruation, and if she does not menstruate, then a month and a half.

[ 26416 ] 11 ـ وبإسناده ، عن أحمد بن محمد بن أبي نصر ، عن أبي الحسن ( عليه السلام ) ، قال : سألته عن الرجل تكون له المرأة ، ( هل ) يتزوج بأختها متعة ؟ قال : لا ، قلت : حكى زرارة ، عن أبي جعفر ( عليه السلام ) ، إنما هي مثل الاماء يتزوج ما شاء ، قال : لا ، هي من الاربع .
قال الشيخ : هذان الخبران وردا مورد الاحتياط والفضل دون الحظر ، واستدل بما تقدم ، وحاصله كراهة الزيادة ولو للتقية ، وحديث عمار يحتمل الحمل على الانكار أيضا ، ويحتمل الحديثان إرادةالتشبيه يعني أنها كإحدى الاربع في تحريم الاخت جمعا وفي كثير من الاحكام لا في تحريم الزيادة .

11 – And by his isnad from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abi Nasr from Abu ‘l-Hasan عليه السلام. He said: I asked him about the man who has a wife does he [is it allowed for him to – in at-Tahdheeb] marry her sister in mut`a? He said: No. I said: Zurara related from Abu Ja`far عليه السلام that she is only like the slave women, one marries what one wants. He said: No, she is from the four.

The Shaykh said: These two reports have come by way of precaution and virtue without there being forbiddance, and he deduced it by what has preceded. And its sum is the dislike of increase even if for taqiyya. And it is possible to interpret the hadith of `Ammar as also being denial. And it is possible to interpret the two hadiths to mean similarity, meaning that she is like one of the four in regards to the forbiddance of the (marrying) the sister at the same time, and in much of the (other) rules, (but) not in regards to the forbiddance of increase.

[ 26417 ] 12 ـ محمد بن علي بن الحسين بإسناده عن الفضيل بن يسار ، أنّه سأل أبا عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) عن المتعة ؟ فقال : هي كبعض إمائك .
ورواه في ( المقنع ) مرسلا .

12 – Muhammad b. `Ali b. al-Husayn by his isnad from al-Fudayl b. Yasar that he asked Abu `Abdillah عليه السلام about mut`a. So he said: She is as one of your slave women.

And he narrated it in al-Muqni` mursalan.

[ 26418 ] 13 ـ عبدالله بن جعفر في ( قرب الاسناد ) : عن أحمد بن محمد بن عيسى ، عن أحمد بن محمد بن أبي نصر ، عن أبي الحسن الرضا ( عليه السلام ) قال : سألته عن المتعة ـ إلى أن قال :ـ وسألته من الاربع هي ؟ فقال : اجعلوها من الاربع على الاحتياط ، قال : وقلت له : ان زرارة حكى عن أبي جعفر ( عليه السلام ) إنما هن مثل الاماء يتزوج منهن ما شاء ، فقال : هي من الاربع .
أقول : عرفت وجهه .

13 – `Abdullah b. Ja`far in Qurb al-Isnad from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. `Isa from Ahmad b. Muhammad b. Abi Nas from Abu ‘l-Hasan ar-Rida عليه السلام. He said; I asked him about mut`a – until he said: And I asked him whether she is from the four. So he said: Put her from the four upon precaution. He said: And I said to him: Zurara related from Abu Ja`far عليه السلام that they are only like the slave girls, one marries from them as much as one wants. So he said: She is from the four.

I say: You have known its meaning.

Comment: So… I know I’ve already proven my point from their fatwas in previous posts but this shows you how low they can go with their rented slaves of pleasure… Do the Pious Shia Women accept this!? Your scholars destroyed your Madhab and reduced it to Mutah and Khums.

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