Successor of islamic nation


Successor of muslims from our SAHIH hadiths.

1. Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar: It was said to ‘Umar, “Will you nominate your successor?” Umar said, “If I nominate a Caliph (as my successor) it is true that somebody who was better than I, Abu Bakr did so, and if I leave the matter undecided, it is true that somebody who was better than I, Allah’s Apostle did so.” On this, the people praised him. ‘Umar said, “People are of two kinds: Either one who is keen to take over the Caliphate or one who is afraid of assuming such a responsibility. I wish I could be free from its responsibility in that I would receive neither reward nor retribution I won’t bear the burden of the caliphate in my death as I do in my life.” (Sahih al Bukhari – Book #89, Hadith #325)

2. قيل لعلي ألا تستخلف قال لا ولكن أترككم إلى ما ترككم إليه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم
الراوي: علي المحدث: الهيثمي – المصدر: مجمع الزوائد – الصفحة أو الرقم: 5/200
خلاصة حكم المحدث: رجاله ثقات

They said to caliph Ali: Will you not appoint a successor? he said: No, but I leave you as the apostle of Allah left you.

Source: Haythami in Mujama’a al Zawa’ed.
Rank: All narrators are trustworthy.

3. قيل لعلي ألا تستخلف قال ما استخلف رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فأستخلف عليكم وإن يرد الله تبارك وتعالى بالناس خيرا فسيجمعهم على خيرهم كما جمعهم بعد نبيهم على خيرهم
الراوي: شقيق المحدث: الهيثمي – المصدر: مجمع الزوائد – الصفحة أو الرقم: 9/50
خلاصة حكم المحدث: رجاله رجال الصحيح غير إسماعيل بن أبي الحارث وهو ثقة

They said to Ali: Will you not appoint a successor? He said: The Prophet PBUH did not appoint a successor so that I may do so, If Allah wishes that something good happens to you then he will make you all gather around the best (Man) amongst you just like he made them gather around the best Man (i.e Abu bakr) after their prophet PBUH.

Narrator: Shaqeeq.
Source: Al haythami in Mujama’a al Zawa’ed.
Rank: All narrators are that of the SAHIH except Ismail bin Abi al Harith and he is Trustworthy.

4. والذي فلق الحبة وبرأ النسمة لتخضبن هذه من هذه : للحيته من رأسه فما يحبس أشقاها ؟ فقال عبد الله بن سبع : والله يا أمير المؤمنين ! لو أن رجلا فعل ذلك لأبرنا عترته ، فقال : أنشد أن يقتل بي غير قاتلي . قالوا : يا أمير المؤمنين ! ألا تستخلف ؟ قال : لا . ولكني أترككم كما ترككم رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ، قال : فما تقول لربك إذا لقيته وقد تركتنا هملا ؟ قال : أقول : اللهم استخلفتني فيهم ما بدا لك ، ثم قبضتني وتركتك فيهم فإن شئت أصلحتهم وإن شئت أفسدتهم
الراوي: علي بن أبي طالب المحدث: البيهقي – المصدر: دلائل النبوة – الصفحة أو الرقم: 6/439
خلاصة حكم المحدث: روي بإسناد صحيح

(…)They asked Ameer al Mumineen (Ali) will you not appoint a successor? He said: No, but I leave you as the apostle of Allah left you. He said: Then What will you say to your Lord when you meet him after you’ve ignored our affair? I Will Say: ” O Allah you wished for me to be their Caliph, Then you took my soul and I left you with them so if you wish you fix their affair and if you wish you ruin them.”

source: Al Bayhaqi in Dala’el al Nubuwah.
Rank: Narrated with a Sahih isnad.

5. Narrated Talha: I asked ‘Abdullah bin Abi ‘Aufa, “Did the Prophet make a will (to appoint his successor or bequeath wealth)?” He replied, “No.” I said, “How is it prescribed then for the people to make wills, and they are ordered to do so while the Prophet did not make any will?” He said, “He made a will wherein he recommended Allah’s Book.” (Sahih al Bukhari – Book #61, Hadith #540)

6. Narrated By Al-Qasim bin Muhammad : ‘Aisha said, “O my head!” Allah’s Apostle said, “If that (i.e., your death) should happen while I am still alive, I would ask Allah to forgive you and would invoke Allah for you.” ‘Aisha said, “O my life which is going to be lost! By Allah, I think that you wish for my death, and if that should happen then you would be busy enjoying the company of one of your wives in the last part of that day.” The Prophet said, “But I should say, ‘O my head!’ I feel like calling Abu Bakr and his son and appoint (the former as my successors lest people should say something or wish for something. Allah will insist (on Abu Bakr becoming a Caliph) and the believers will prevent (anyone else from claiming the Caliphate),” or “…Allah will prevent (anyone else from claiming the Caliphate) and the believers will insist (on Abu Bakr becoming the Caliph).” [Sahih al-Bukhari]

7. Abu Musa reported: When the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) became ill and illness became serious he ordered abu bakr to lead the people in prayer. Upon this ‘A’isha said: Messenger of Allah, Abd bakr is a man of tenderly feelings: when he would stand in your place (he would be so much overwhelmed -by grief that) he would not be able to lead the people in prayer. He (the Holy Prophet) said: You order abu bakr to lead the people in prayer, and added: (You are behaving) as if you are the females who had gathered around Yusuf. So abu bakr led the prayer (during this period of illness) in the life of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him). (Sahih Muslim – Book #004, Hadith #0844)

وروى ابن سعد بإسناده إلى الحسن قال: قال علي: ((لما قبض النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم نظرنا في أمرنا فوجدنا النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قد قدم أبا بكر في الصلاة فرضينا لدنيانا من رضي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم لديننا فقدمنا أبا بكر))

Ibn Saad narrated with an Isnad to al Hassan bin Ali that he said: Ali Said: When Allah took the soul of his prophet PBUH we looked into our affair and we found that the Prophet PBUH had preferred Abu Bakr in the Salat (Imam of Prayer) so we accepted for our Duniyah what the prophet PBUH had accepted for our Deen and we preferred Abu bakr.
source: Ibn Saad in al Tabaqat 3/183 also narrated by Ibn Asakir and al Khallal Made Takhreej for it in Masael ahmad.

8. Abu Mas’ud al-Ansari reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said to us: The one who is well grounded in Allah’s Book and is distinguished among them in recitation should act as; Imam for the people. and if they are equally versed in reciting it, then the one who has most knowledge regarding Sunnah; if they are equal regarding the Sunnah, then the earliest one to emigrate; If they emigrated at the same time, then the oldest one in age. No man must lead another in prayer in latter’s house or where (the latter) has authority, or sit in his place of honour in his house, except that he gives you permission or with his permission. (Sahih Muslim – Book #004, Hadith #1422)

9. وعن عمرو بن سفيان قال: لما ظهر علي يوم الجمل قال: أيها الناس إن رسول الله لم يعهد إلينا في هذه الإمارة شيئًا حتى رأينا من الرأي أن نستخلف أبا بكر فأقام واستقام حتى مضى سبيله، ثم إن أبا بكر رأى من الرأي أن يستخلف عمر فأقام واستقام حتى ضرب الدين بجرانه ثم إن أقوامًا طلبوا الدنيا فكانت أمور يقضي الله فيها

Amro bin Sufiyan said: When Ali came on the day of Jamal he said: “O people, the Apostle of Allah did not promise us anything regarding this Imarah (Caliphate/Succession) until we saw in our own opinion that we must appoint Abu Bakr and he took a straight path then he left us, Then Abu Bakr saw it in his opinion to appoint Umar who in turn walked a straight path then he left us, Then came people who were after the Duniyah (life’s pleasures) and many things happened in which only Allah is the judge”
source: Ahmad and al Bayhaqi and al Mubarakfuri with good chain.

10. وروى الإمام أحمد وغيره عن حذيفة قال: كنا عند النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم جلوساً فقال: ((إني لا أدري ما قدر بقائي فيكم فاقتدوا باللذين من بعدي وأشار إلى أبي بكر وعمر وتمسكوا بعهد عمار وما حدثكم ابن مسعود فصدقوه))

Imam Ahmad and others narrated from Hudhayfah bin al Yaman that he said: we were sitting with the Prophet PBUH and he said: I do not know how much longer I will remain with you, so take these two as an example (to follow) after me and he pointed to Abu Bakr and Umar, hold on to Ammar and what ever Ibn Masood narrates (from me) believe him.
source: Narrated by Ahmad, Ibn Majah, ibn Hayyan, Tirmithy, Ibn Abdul Barr, Ibn al mulaqin, Ibn Hajar said it has a good chain and al Albani said SAHIH.

11. Narrated Jubair bin Mutim: A woman came to the Prophet who ordered her to return to him again. She said, “What if I came and did not find you?” as if she wanted to say, “If I found you dead?” The Prophet said, “If you should not find me, go to abu bakr.” (Sahih al Bukhari – Book #57, Hadith #11)

12. في خطبة علي رضي الله عنه على منبر الكوفة : ألا إنه بلغني أن قوما يفضلونني على أبي بكر وعمر رضي الله عنهما ، ولو كنت تقدمت في ذلك لعاقبت فيه ، ولكن أكره العقوبة قبل التقدم . من قال شيئا من ذلك فهو مفتر ، عليه ما على المفتري . وخير الناس كان بعد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أبو بكر ثم عمر ، ثم أحدثنا بعدهم أحداثا يقضي الله فيها ما شاء
الراوي: علقمة المحدث: الحكمي – المصدر: معارج القبول – الصفحة أو الرقم: 1181/3
خلاصة حكم المحدث: مشهور عنه من طرق لا تحصى

In the Khutbah of Ali on the Mimbar of Kufah he said: “it had reached me that some folks have preferred me over Abu Bakr and Umar may Allah be pleased with them (…) Whoever says anything of the sort is a slanderer and his punishment will be that of a slanderer. The best of people after the Prophet PBUH was Abu Bakr and then Umar, Then things happened after them in which it is for Allah to pass his judgement.

Muhaddiths are al Hakami in Ma’arij al Qubool and al Bayhaqi in Al I’itiqad.
Hadith rank: Famous, was narrated from him through countless chains and has many Shawahid.

13. خطبنا علي رضي الله عنه على هذا المنبر فحمد الله وأثنى عليه وذكر ما شاء الله أن يذكر وقال : إن خير الناس كان بعد رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أبو بكر ثم عمر رضي الله عنهما ثم أحدثنا بعدهما أحداثا يقضي الله فيها
الراوي: علقمة بن قيس المحدث: أحمد شاكر – المصدر: مسند أحمد – الصفحة أو الرقم: 2/231
خلاصة حكم المحدث: إسناده صحيح

Ulqamah bin Qays narrated: Ali may Allah be pleased with him gave a Sermon on the Mimbar so he praised Allah and glorified him and then mentioned what Allah willed for him to mention and he said: The best of People after the Prophet PBUH is Abu Bakr and then Umar may Allah be pleased with both of them and then things happened after them in which it is up to Allah to Judge.

Source: Musnad Ahmad.
hadith rank: SAHIH.

14. خطبنا علي رضي الله عنه فقال : من خير هذه الأمة بعد نبيها فقلت : أنت يا أمير المؤمنين قال : لا خير هذه الأمة بعد نبيها أبو بكر ثم عمر رضي الله عنه وما نبعد أن السكينة تنطق على لسان عمر رضي الله عنه
الراوي: أبو جحيفة السوائي (صحابي) المحدث: أحمد شاكر – المصدر: مسند أحمد – الصفحة أو الرقم: 2/147
خلاصة حكم المحدث: إسناده صحيح 

خطبنا علي رضي الله عنه فقال : ألا أخبركم بخير هذه الأمة بعد نبيها أبو بكر الصديق رضي الله عنه ثم قال : ألا أخبركم بخير هذه الأمة بعد نبيها وبعد أبي بكر رضي الله عنه فقال : عمر
الراوي: أبو جحيفة السوائي (صحابي) المحدث: أحمد شاكر – المصدر: مسند أحمد – الصفحة أو الرقم: 2/161
خلاصة حكم المحدث: إسناده صحيح

The Companion Abu Juhayfah al Sawa’ee said: Ali may allah be pleased with him gave a Sermon and said: Do you wish that I tell you about the best of this nation after its Prophet PBUH? That is Abu bakr al Siddeeq may Allah be pleased with him, Then he continued: Do you wish that I tell you who the best of this nation was after its Prophet and after Abu bakr? It is Umar.

Source: Musnad Ahmad.
hadith rank: SAHIH.

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