Ashoora is for fasting


May be you saw many shia’s blaming ahlu-sunnah that: Ahlu-sunnah do not love hussain(ra) i.e. why they fast on the day of ashoora i.e. 10th muharram!

(Must DOWNLOAD & Read: Here is the scientific approach about: Karbala-When_was_Hazrat_Husayn_ra_Martyred)

May be the layman shia got this logic from the concept of fasting in ramadhan, i.e. we ahlu-sunnah fast on ramadhan very delightfully & with extreme happiness.  Therefore the fast on ashoora is also because of happiness & joy! So this proves that we are Nasabi!

We ahlu-suunah have sahih ahadith about fasting on the day of Ashoora. Let’s now see what shia sahih ahadith says about ashoora fasting & also what shia scholars said about ashoora fasting?

All the shia ahadith about Ashura fast being makruh or haraam are weak and therefore scholars such as Ayatullah Shaykh al-Maiad consider it mustahab to fast on the day of Ashura as mentioned in the sahih akhbar of Imams of Ahlul bayt .

ما رأيكم في صيام يوم عاشوراء ؟

الذي أفتي به هوَ استحباب صوم يوم عاشوراء . و في صيامه ثواب عظيم , فينبغي للمسلم أن يصوم هذا اليوم تقرباً الى الله تعالى و كسباً لثواب صيامه , فيكون صومه له بهذه النية و على هذا الوجه لا على أي وجه آخر .

و أما ما ورد في الجوامع الحديثية للشيعة الإمامية من أخبار تنهى عن صوم يوم عاشوراء فهي بأجمعها ضعيفة لا إعتبار بها و لا تنهض أمام الأخبار المعتبرة الدالة على استحباب صوم يوم عاشوراء سواءً ما ورد منها في طرق الإمامية أو ما ورد من طرق غيرهم .

1. ـ وبإسناده عن سعد بن عبدالله ، عن أبي جعفر ، عن جعفر بن محمد بن عبدالله ، عن عبدالله بن ميمون القداح ، عن جعفر ، عن أبيه ( عليهما السلام ) قال : صيام يوم عاشوراء كفارة سنة .

(Shaykh Tusi) with his isnad from Sa`d b. Abdullah from Abu Ja`far from Ja`far b. Muhammad b. `Abdullah from `Abdullah b. Maymun al-Qaddah from Ja`far from his father (as). He said: Fasts of the day of `Ashura are an atonement (kaffara) of a year.

The hadith is sahih. All narrators are thiqah.

2. وعنه ، عن هارون بن مسلم ، عن مسعدة بن صدقة ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) عن أبيه ، أن عليا ( عليه السلام ) قال : صوموا العاشوراء التاسع والعاشر ، فانه يكفر ذنوب سنة .

(Shaykh Tusi) from Harun b. Muslim from Mas`ada b. Sadaqa from Abu `Abdillah (as) from his father, that `Ali (as) said: Fast (on) al-`Ashura, the ninth and the tenth, for it atones (for) the sins of a year.

The hadith is muwaththaq.

3. ـ محمد بن علي بن الحسين بإسناده عن زرارة بن أعين ومحمد بن مسلم جميعا ، أنهما سألا أبا جعفر الباقر ( عليه السلام ) عن صوم يوم عاشوراء ؟ فقال : كان صومه قبل شهر رمضان ، فلما نزل شهر رمضان ترك

Muhammad b. `Ali b. al-Husayn (Shaykh Saduq) with his isnad from Zurara b. A`yan and Muhammad b. Muslim, both of them, that they asked Abu Ja`far al-Baqir about the fast of the day of `Ashura. So he said: Its fast was before the month of Ramadan, so when the month of Ramadan descended, it was abandoned. (sahih)

Comment: However Ayatullah khoi says that this is not actually prohibitive, but is describing that the fast of `Ashura was in place prior to the fasting of the month of Ramadan, after which it was not an obligation to fast on `Ashura, i.e. that this had become mansukh.

There are more loads of shia ahadith which supports these statement:

عن أبي الحسن عليه السلام أنه قال: {{صام رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم يوم عاشوراء}}
[تهذيب الأحكام (4/29) الاستبصار (2/134)، الوافي (7/13)، وسائل الشيعة (7/337)، جامع أحاديث الشيعة (9/475)، الحدائق الناضرة (13/370-371)، صيام عاشوراء (ص 112)].
On behalf of Abu Al-Hassan (as) that he said : “Rasool Allah (saw) fasted on the day of Ashoura.”
عن جعفر عن أبيه عليهما السلام أنه قال: [[صيام يوم عاشوراء كفارة سنة]]
[ تهذيب الأحكام (4/300)، الاستبصار (2/134)، جامع أحاديث الشيعة (9/475)، الحدائق الناضرة (13/371)، صيام عاشوراء (ص 112)، الوافي (7/13)، وسائل الشيعة (7/337)].
Narrated from Jaffar from his father (as), that he said: “Fasting of Ashoura is forgiveness of one year sin.”
وعن الصادق رحمه الله قال: [[من أمكنه صوم المحرم فإنه يعصم صاحبه من كل سيئة]]
[وسائل الشيعة (7/347)، الحدائق الناضرة (13/377)، جامع أحاديث الشيعة (9/474)].
And on behalf of Al-Sadiq (rh) that he said: “Whoever is able to fast (month of) Muharram, then his fasting shall protect him from every sin.”
وعن النبي صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم قال: {إن أفضل الصلاة بعد الصلاة الفريضة الصلاة في جوف الليل، وإن أفضل الصيام من بعد شهر رمضان صوم شهر الله الذي يدعونه المحرم}
[وسائل الشيعة (7/347)، الحدائق الناضرة (13/377)، جامع أحاديث الشيعة (9/474)].
The Messenger of Allah said: “The best prayer after the obligatory prayers is the one which is prayed in middle of the night, and the best fasting after Ramadan is the fasting the month known as Muharram.”
عن علي عليه السلام قال: {{صوموا يوم عاشوراء التاسع والعاشر احتياطاً، فإنه كفارة السنة التي قبله، وإن لم يعلم به أحدكم حتى يأكل فليتم صومه}}
[مستدرك الوسائل (1/594)، جامع أحاديث الشيعة (9/475)].
And Ali (ra) that he said: “Fast on the day of Ashoora 9th and 10th for substitution, for it is an expiation for the the past year, and if someone of you eats (by mistake) should continue his fasting.”
وعن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال: {{إذا رأيت هلال المحرم فاعدد، فإذا أصبحت من تاسعه فأصبح صائماً قلت ( أي الراوي ):كذلك كان يصوم محمد صلى الله عليه وآله؟ قال: نعم}}
[إقبال الأعمال (ص 554)، وسائل الشيعة (7/347)، مستدرك الوسائل (1/594)، جامع أحاديث الشيعة (9/475)].

And Ibn Abbas (ra) that he said: “If one see the crescent of Muharram then start counting, and when he wake up on 9th, wakes on fast”, (the narrator) said: And this is how Muhammad (saw) fasted: (he replied): “Yes”.

Shia priest authenticated narration that encourage fasting and weaken those which forbid fasting.

وتأمل أن روايات صوم عاشوراء جاءت من طرق الشيعة بأسانيد معتبرة، في حين جاءت الروايات الناهية عن صومه بأسانيد ضعيفة، وقد اعترف بهذا الشيخ الحاج السيد محمد رضا الحسيني الحائري في كتابه: نجاة الأمة في إقامة العزاء على الحسين والأئمة. [صفحة (145، 146، 148) طبع قم إيران (1413هـ)].

Now lets see weak hadiths which says that fasting on Ashura is haram or makruh:

1. Chain of narration is: Ali ibn Ibrahim narrated from Nuh Ibn Shuayb al-Naysabury from Yasin Al Darir from Hariz from Zurarah

I once heard Abu Jafar(as) say you must not fast on the Day of ashura(10th of Muharram) and on the day of Arafah in Makkah and Medina, in your homeland or in any other city.
source- Al kafi(book of fasting part 2) chapter 14 hadith number 3محمد بن يعقوب عن علي بن إبراهيم عن أبيه عن نوح ابن شعيب النيشابورى عن ياسين الضرير عن حريز عن زرارة عن ابي جعفر

The narration is weak b/c of majhool narrators Nuh b. Shuayb and Yasin al-Zarir.

Al-khoei also said:
وهي أيضاً ضعيفة السند بنوح بن شعيب وياسين الضرير

2.  Najabah ibn Al Harith Al attar said I once asked Abu Jafar(as) about fasting on the day of ashura. He(the imam) said It is a discarded fast after the coming of Shahr Ramadan and what is discarded and abandoned is Heresy, Najabah then asked Abu Abdullah(as) after his father about it and he answered just like his father and then said “ it is a fast about which there is not anything in the book or the established sunnah except the sunnah of the family of Ziyad for their murdering Al-Husayn Ibn Ali(as)

Source- Al kafi(book of fasting part 2) chapter 14 hadith number 4

عن الحسن بن علي الهاشمي عن محمد بن موسى عن يعقوب بن يزيد عن الوشا قال: حدثني نجية بن الحارث العطار

This narration is also weak b/c of majhool narrator al-Hasan b. Ali al-Hashimi
Allama Majlisi also graded it as majhool in Mirat al-Uqul and Syed Khoei in Sharh Urwah al-Wuthqa.

3.  I heard Zurarah(RAA) asking Abu Abdullah(as) about the fast on the day of Ashura, Abu Abdullah(as) said whoever fasts on this day his share for such fasts is like the share of ibn Marjana and the family of Ziyad, I then asked what was their share that day? he said(as) it is the fire, I seek protection with Allah against it and against the deeds against the deeds that take one closer to the fire.

Source- Al kafi(book of fasting part 2) chapter 14 hadith number 6

وعنه عن الحسن بن علي الهاشمي عن محمد بن عيسى قال: حدثني محمد بن ابي عمير عن زيد النرسي قال

This narration is also weak b/c of majhool narrator al-Hasan b. Ali al-Hashimi
Daif a/c to Majlisi in Mirat al-Uqul and Syed Khoei in Sharh Urwah al-Wuthqa.

4.  For more hadiths with the same meaning, refer to the same chapter 14 hadiths number 5 and 7.

These all are also weak. Weak a/c to Majlisi and Khoei too. See mirat al-Uqul.
5. Imam Mohammed Baqirasws and Imam Abi Abdullahasws both said: Don’t fast on the day of Arafa and Ashura, neither in Mecca and Medina, nor in your country and in any other city.241
Faroo-e-Kafi, tradition 3, vol. 3, pp. 321.
This sanad is weak by Nuh b. Shu`ayb and Yasin ad-Darir.
6. I asked about the ‘Soam’ on the 9th and 10th of Moharram from Imam Aba Abdullahasws. Imamasws replied, Syrian army, on the planes of Karbala, rejoiced on the 9th, after forming and moving forward to surround Imam Huassinasws and hisasws companions. Ibn Ziadla reinforced his army and proudly looked at the endless rows of his soldiers which had outnumbered few companions of Imam Hussainasws, he was convinced no one will come forward to join Imam Hussainasws’s camp and people of Iraq will consider himasws weak and will not dare to protect Imamasws against his huge build-up. Ashora (10th) was that day when Imam Hussainasws along with companions were lying on the sand of Karbala, with heads removed from their bodies.
Is it appropriate to fast on that day? Surely not. By the Lord of Kabah! It is not a fasting day, it’s the day of sadness and moaning. All momaneen, on the earth and in the heavens should be grieving on this day. This was a day of joy for the people of Syria, decedents of Marjana and Ibn Ziadla. Allahazwj admonished them on this day; this is the day when all parts of the world cried expect the Syrian segment.
Allahazwj will resurrect him with ‘dead’ heart and punish him severely whoever would fast on this day for the purpose of seeking blessings. Allahazwj will take back Hisazwj blessings and implant disbelief in his heart, to remain there, until the final day, whoever would indulge in acquiring and piling worldly goods, not only for him but also for his family and relatives. And Iblisla will have share in their deeds and activities.243
Faroo-e-Kafi, tradition 7, vol. 3, pp. 321The sanad is weak by Muhammad b. Sinan in it. Also, this and the three other narrations preceding it are all narrated from one al-Hasan (or al-Husayn) Ibn `Ali al-Hashimi, for whom shia do not have tawthiq (being considered reliable) nor madh (praise) for him in shia books.

7. In Shia ahadith one of the narrator of hadith about ashura fasting is Zurrah:
But Zurrah are known fabricators as even shia Imams Jafir As Sadiq & Imam Muhammed Al Baqir cursed them for lying about the narrations, these can be found in shia books.Ikhtiyar Ma’`rifat ar-Rijal, vol. 1 p. 361
Ikhtiyar Ma’`rifat ar-Rijal, vol. 1 p. 394
Ikhtiyar Ma’`rifat ar-Rijal, vol. 1 p. 397
al-Ardabili, Jami’ ar-Ruwat vol. 3 p. 43
Ikhtiyar Ma’rifat ar-Rijal vol. 2 p. 612
Ikhtiyar Ma’rifat ar-Rijal vol. 2 p. 614


There are marjas who actually consider it mustahab to fast on Ashura, such as Ayatullah Shaykh al-Maiad. . .
ما رأيكم في صيام يوم عاشوراء ؟
الذي أفتي به هوَ استحباب صوم يوم عاشوراء . و في صيامه ثواب عظيم , فينبغي للمسلم أن يصوم هذا اليوم تقرباً الى الله تعالى و كسباً لثواب صيامه , فيكون صومه له بهذه النية و على هذا الوجه لا على أي وجه آخر .
و أما ما ورد في الجوامع الحديثية للشيعة الإمامية من أخبار تنهى عن صوم يوم عاشوراء فهي بأجمعها ضعيفة لا إعتبار بها و لا تنهض أمام الأخبار المعتبرة الدالة على استحباب صوم يوم عاشوراء سواءً ما ورد منها في طرق الإمامية أو ما ورد من طرق غيرهم
According to Ayatullah al-Khoei:
Shia ayatullat al-khuï said the same thing in his book al-mustanab al-urwa al-wuthqa:
فالروايات الناهية غير نقية السند برمتها، بل هي ضعيفة بأجمعها، فليست لدينا رواية معتبرة يعتمد عليها ليحمل المعارض على التقية كما صنعه صاحب الحدائق. واما الروايات المتضمنة للامر واستحباب الصوم في هذا اليوم فكثيرة، مثل صحيحة القداح: ” صيام يوم عاشوراء كفارة سنة ” وموثقة مسعدة بن صدقة: ” صوموا للعاشوراء التاسع والعاشر فانه يكفر ذنوب سنة ” (2)، ونحوها غيرها، وهو مساعد للاعتبار نظرا إلى المواساة مع أهل بيت الوحي وما لا قوه في هذا اليوم العصيب من جوع وعطش وساير الآلام والمصائب العظام التي هي أعظم مما تدركه الافهام والاوهام. فالاقوى استحباب الصوم في هذا اليوم من حيث هو كما ذكره في الجواهر أخذا بهذه النصوص السليمة

hadiths saying that it’s mustahab to fast during ashura are sahih according to their (shia) standard, and hadith forbidding to fast during ashura are weak.

The only sahih one that he says there is, is this one:

ـ محمد بن علي بن الحسين بإسناده عن زرارة بن أعين ومحمد بن مسلم جميعا ، أنهما سألا أبا جعفر الباقر ( عليه السلام ) عن صوم يوم عاشوراء ؟ فقال : كان صومه قبل شهر رمضان ، فلما نزل شهر رمضان ترك

Muhammad b. `Ali b. al-Husayn (Shaykh Saduq) with his isnad from Zurara b. A`yan and Muhammad b. Muslim, both of them, that they asked Abu Ja`far al-Baqir about the fast of the day of `Ashura. So he said: Its fast was before the month of Ramadan, so when the month of Ramadan descended, it was abandoned. (sahih)

However he says that this is not actually prohibitive, but is describing that the fast of `Ashura was in place prior to the fasting of the month of Ramadan, after which it was not an obligation to fast on `Ashura, i.e. that this had become mansukh.

These other hadiths however indicate it being mustahabb, which is the view he favors:

ـ وبإسناده عن سعد بن عبدالله ، عن أبي جعفر ، عن جعفر بن محمد بن عبدالله ، عن عبدالله بن ميمون القداح ، عن جعفر ، عن أبيه ( عليهما السلام ) قال : صيام يوم عاشوراء كفارة سنة .

(Shaykh Tusi) with his isnad from Sa`d b. Abdullah from Abu Ja`far from Ja`far b. Muhammad b. `Abdullah from `Abdullah b. Maymun al-Qaddah from Ja`far from his father . He said: Fasting the day of `Ashura is an atonement (kaffara) of a year. (sahih)

وعنه ، عن هارون بن مسلم ، عن مسعدة بن صدقة ، عن أبي عبدالله ( عليه السلام ) عن أبيه ، أن عليا ( عليه السلام ) قال : صوموا العاشوراء التاسع والعاشر ، فانه يكفر ذنوب سنة .

(Shaykh Tusi) from Harun b. Muslim from Mas`ada b. Sadaqa from Abu `Abdillah from his father, that `Ali said: Fast (on) `Ashura, the ninth and the tenth, for it atones (for) the sins of a year. (muwaththaq)

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9 Comments

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9 responses to “Ashoora is for fasting

  1. Fadhlullaah

    Assalamu alaykum wr wb.
    MashaAllaah, this website has helped me alot alot walhamdulillaah. We have this Shia well calculated web thats is pulling our brothers and sisters into their misguided religion.
    And the thing is,they use ahaadith from Kutub as-Sittah to cause doubt then implant their misguidance into lame Sunnis.
    Alhamdulillaah we are working day and night to awaken people and warn them against this falsehood.
    May Allaah guide them and us to the right path. Aameen.
    Shukran jazilan wa baarakallaahu fikum for this great work.

  2. sheherzad

    Please also upload topics on uhud and mubahila…how to answer shiites on that?

  3. neither sunni shia, islamia

    wow, so we thing we got them bagged? in fairness to all lets use our common sense too, according to us prophet (sawa)l lived among jews for 10 years in medina and he didnt know they had a eid and fasted on that day? then the last year before his demise he tells the muslims to follow the sunnah of the jews in fasting on that day? also, nowhere is there record that the jews fast on such a day, so when do we tell ourselves that 99% of hadith collected were rubbished as false and fabricated, imam bukhari collected 700,000 plus but kept only less than 7,000 which we call sahih etc etc, any he didnt throw away duplications, if we do not count duplications in his works we end up with less than 4,000, also the main narrator is abu hurraira who was removed from his post of governorship in bahrain by sayyidina umr with all his embezzled wealth put back into baitul maal, then he ran to sham where he was given rope and status again by muawiyya and start endless false narrations of hadith after hadith recording and narrating was banned and burnt by both sayyidinas abu bakr and umr

  4. salaams, why are replies which differ from you opinions erased?

  5. Tafawa Hamza Mayo

    Masha Allah

  6. Anonymus

    How can fasting on 10th Muharram be Haram when our Prophet himself according to hadis used to fast on that day??????????

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