Backbiting is permissible


Allah says in Quran Al-Hujraat(49):12:

يأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ اجْتَنِبُواْ كَثِيراً مِّنَ الظَّنِّ إِنَّ بَعْضَ الظَّنِّ إِثْمٌ وَلاَ تَجَسَّسُواْ وَلاَ يَغْتَب بَّعْضُكُم بَعْضاً أَيُحِبُّ أَحَدُكُمْ أَن يَأْكُلَ لَحْمَ أَخِيهِ مَيْتاً فَكَرِهْتُمُوهُ وَاتَّقُواْ اللَّهَ إِنَّ اللَّهَ تَوَّابٌ رَّحِيمٌ

O you who believe! Avoid much suspicion; indeed some suspicion is sin. And spy not, neither backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother You would hate it. And have Taqwa of Allah. Verily, Allah is the One Who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful.

& in surah Al-Humaza (104):

وَيْلٌ لِّكُلِّ هُمَزَةٍ لُّمَزَةٍ – الَّذِى جَمَعَ مَالاً وَعَدَّدَهُ – يَحْسَبُ أَنَّ مَالَهُ أَخْلَدَهُ – كَلاَّ لَيُنبَذَنَّ فِى الْحُطَمَةِ – وَمَآ أَدْرَاكَ مَا الْحُطَمَةُ – نَارُ اللَّهِ الْمُوقَدَةُ – الَّتِى تَطَّلِعُ عَلَى الاٌّفْئِدَةِ – إِنَّهَا عَلَيْهِم مُّؤْصَدَةٌ – فِى عَمَدٍ مُّمَدَّدَةِ

Woe to every slanderer and backbiter. Who has gathered wealth and counted it. He thinks that his wealth will make him last forever! But no! Verily, he will be thrown into Al-Hutamah. And what will make you know what Al-Hutamah is. The fire of Allah, Al-Muqadah. Which leaps up over the hearts.Verily, it shall Mu’sadah upon them. In pillars stretched forth.

Now lets examine, shia hadith of backbiting:

ورواية داود بن سرحان – في الصحيح – عن أبي عبد الله عليه السلام، قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله: إذا رأيتم أهل البدع والريب من بعدي فاظهروا البراءة منهم واكثروا من سبهم والقول فيهم والوقيعة وباهتوهم لئلا يطمعوا في الفساد في الاسلام ويحذرهم الناس، ولا يتعلمون من بدعهم، يكتب

Refer: http://www.ali12.com/mybooks/find.php?do=show_reslusts&id=2977&table=table_fiqh_s

Lets see, shia sahih hadith:

مُحَمَّدُ بْنُ يَحْيَى عَنْ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ الْحُسَيْنِ عَنْ أَحْمَدَ بْنِ مُحَمَّدِ بْنِ أَبِي نَصْرٍ عَنْ دَاوُدَ بْنِ سِرْحَانَ عَنْ أَبِي عَبْدِ اللَّهِ ع قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ص إِذَا رَأَيْتُمْ أَهْلَ الرَّيْبِ وَ الْبِدَعِ مِنْ بَعْدِي فَأَظْهِرُوا الْبَرَاءَةَ مِنْهُمْ وَ أَكْثِرُوا مِنْ سَبِّهِمْ وَ الْقَوْلَ فِيهِمْ وَ الْوَقِيعَةَ وَ بَاهِتُوهُمْ كَيْلَا يَطْمَعُوا فِي الْفَسَادِ فِي الْإِسْلَامِ وَ يَحْذَرَهُمُ النَّاسُ وَ لَا يَتَعَلَّمُوا مِنْ بِدَعِهِمْ يَكْتُبِ اللَّهُ لَكُمْ بِذَلِكَ الْحَسَنَاتِ وَ يَرْفَعْ لَكُمْ بِهِ الدَّرَجَاتِ فِي الْآخِرَةِ

“The Messenger of Allah (SAWAS) has said, ‘When you after me find people of bid’ah and doubt/suspicion, do disassociation from them and increase your condemnation, make lies up to prove the other party wrong (i.e. backbite them by attributing lies on them and make false accusations on them), so they may not become greedy to bring fasaad to Islam. You must warn people against them and against learning their bid’ah (innovations). Allah will reward you for this and will raise you darajaat (positions) in the next life.’”

Source: Al-Kulaynee, Al-Kaafee, vol. 2, ch. 159 “Sitting/Associating with Sinful People”, pg. 375, hadeeth # 4

& Majlisi has graded this hadeeth Saheeh in Mir’aat Al-‘Uqool, vol. 11, pg. 77

Here is the scan of the Hadith (click to enlarge):

Shiism: It is allowed to lie and backbite Muslims

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