بسم الله الرحمن الرحیم
Refuting the claim of the Shia that ‘Tathweeb’ is innovation of Sayyedina Umar bin Khatab (ra).
There are numerous Ahadeeth (narrations) that go back to companions Anas, Ibn Umar, and Abi Mahthoora (may Allah be pleased with them) that all imply that the Prophet (pbuh) ordered الصلاة خير من النوم ”Prayer is better than sleep” (Al-salaatu khayrun min al-nawm) in Fajr athaan.
Here are some narrations:
It was narrated that Abu Mahdhoorah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: I said: “O Messenger of Allaah, teach me the Sunnah of adhaan.” He wiped the front of my head and said: “Say Allaah akbar, Allaahu akbar, Allaah akbar, Allaahu akbar (Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is Most Great, Allaah is Most Great)… And if it is Fajr prayer, then say: Al-salaatu khayrun min al-nawm, al-salaatu khayrun min al-nawm (Prayer is better than sleep, prayer is better than sleep).
According to another, similar report, it says: “Al-salaatu khayrun min al-nawm, al-salaatu khayrun min al-nawm (Prayer is better than sleep, prayer is better than sleep) in the first adhaan of dawn.”
[Narrated by Abu Dawood, 501; al-Nasaa’i, 633; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.]
According to another report narrated by Abu Dawood (504) from Abu Mahdhoorah (may Allaah be pleased with him): He used to say in Fajr: “al-salaatu khayrun min al-nawm (Prayer is better than sleep). Classed as Saheeh by Shaykh al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.
It was narrated that Anas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: It is Sunnah for the muezzin, after saying Hayya ‘ala al-falaah (come to prosperity), to say: “al-salaatu khayrun min al-nawm (prayer is better than sleep)” twice.
Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allaah have mercy on him) said:
[This was narrated by al-Daaraqutni (90), Ibn Khuzaymah in his Saheeh and al-Bayhaqi in his Sunan (1/423), and he said: its isnaad is Saheeh.]
It was also narrated by al-Daraaqutni and al-Tahhaawi (1/82) via Hushaym from Ibn ‘Awn with the wording: In the adhaan for Fajr prayer, when the muezzin said: Hayya ‘ala al-falaah (come to prosperity), he said: “al-salaatu khayrun min al-nawm (prayer is better than sleep),” twice. This version was narrated by Ibn al-Sakan who classed it as saheeh, as it says in al-Talkhees, 3/148
and many more…
Evidence from Shia sources that their infallible Imams consider “al-salaatu khayrun min al-nawm” to be a Sunnah not innovation: (Thanks to brother Farid for finding and transliting the narrations)
Here are some narrations by Shias, that would be authenticated according to the standards of most Shia scholars, that claim that tathweeb is a sunnah:
فأما ما رواه محمد بن علي بن محبوب عن أحمد بن الحسن عن الحسين عن حماد ابن عيسى عن شعيب بن يعقوب عن أبي بصير عن أبي عبدالله (ع) قال النداء والتثويب في الاذان من السنة.
Rough translation: Abu Abdullah said, “The calling and the tathweeb in athaan is from the sunnah.”
الحسين بن سعيد عن فضالة عن العلا عن محمد بن مسلم عن أبي جعفر عليه السلام قال: كان أبي ينادي في بيته بالصلاة خير من النوم ولو رددت ذلك لم يكن به بأس.
Rough translation: Abu Ja’afar used to say, “My father used to call out from his house in prayer: Alsalatu khairun min al-nawm, and doing this is fine.”
Conclusion: This seems to be an innovation by Ahlulbayt. =p
Note: Claiming that this is done due to taqiyyah is absurd since some Sunnis said that it isn’t a sunnah like Tawus, and nobody did anything to Tawus. He wasn’t ostracised, banished, beaten, or killed. So, why would we assume that the Imams saying that this is not sunnah would hurt them? May Allah keep our minds safe from such illusions.Article prepared by 13S2010
Sources used in writing this post: http://islamqa.info/en/ref/45518 http://islamic-forum.net/index.php?showtopic=16978&#entry111250